Study regarding nature’s models, systems, components, and procedures to be able to gain ideas to solve human difficulties is called biomimicry or biomimetics. From the Greek word bios meaning life and mimesis which means to imitate, the term biomimicry is derived. Additional terms that are often utilized in this discipline are bionics, bio-inspiration, and biognosis.
Nature has gone through a massive trial and error procedure in order to improve living things, procedures, and components of the environments throughout billions of years. The field of biomimicry has inspired many technologies produced from biological engineering in all areas right down to even the nanoscale levels. Since the start of humanity, human beings have been looking to nature to answer problems of both complicated and simplistic nature. Mother nature has inspired approaches to many current engineering problems such as resistance to the wind, harnessing solar energy, and power challenges.
The word biomimetics is often used to describe the movement of ideas from biology to the field of technology. The term did not enter Webster’s Dictionary until 1974 and is defined as “the study of the creation, structure, or function of biologically produced substances and materials and biological mechanisms and processes specifically for the objective of synthesizing comparable products by artificial components which mimic organic ones.”
Researching wild birds to inspire real human flight is definitely an early illustration of biomimicry. Leonardo da Vinci, although never successful in developing a machine that could fly, keenly examined the anatomy and flight of wild birds. He made quite a few drawings and comments on his observations and drew many potential designs for flying machines. More effectively, the Wright Brothers derived inspiration for their airplane by watching pigeons in flight.
Nanobiomimicry is the imitation of nano and macro scale structures and procedures. A plethora of nano-sized materials that can be used to produce brand new components is one thing that nature gives people. Bacteria, diatoms, viruses, and biomolecules are among the organic things that may be used to produce new items. Technologies have been powered by nanodevices such as nanowires and quantum dots in a way that more traditional human methods could not.
The field of biomimicry has brought together specialists from several fields as it requires a great deal of collaboration. It requires professionals including biologists, engineers, physicists, material scientists, and nanotechnologists. Because of biomimicry, the expanding field of nanotechnology has created many components and enabled experts to create amazing biological replications ..
Commonly used today, there are lots of fascinating instances of innovations brought about by biomimicry. The development of velcro was inspired when a Swiss engineer noticed that burrs were very difficult to detach from his dog’s fur. He created the system of one strip of rings and one of hooks when he looked under a microscope and saw that the burrs had very small hooks which stuck in anything with a loop. The glow in the dark aquarium fish found in today’s family pet shops are an additional example of a biomimicry development. These fun and amusing pets were inspired when scientists came across florescent proteins discovered in jellyfish. Delivering incredible innovations to people around the globe is one thing the discipline of biomimicry will continue to do.